Electronics systems manipulate electrical currents using devices such as transistors, diodes, and integrated circuits. These components control or amplify the flow of current and convert it from one form to another.
Photonics involves the manipulation of light (in the form of photons) through emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, and sensing. This research area involves many unique technologies including lasers, fiber optics, imaging tools and plasma.
Electronics and photonics are used in applications such as communications, computing, defense, medical diagnostics, manufacturing and more.
Some specific research areas in this field include: